Group cites risk of foot-and-mouth as primary concern.

Joshua Baethge, Policy editor

November 13, 2023

2 Min Read
Map of Paraguay with Paraguay flag pin
Getty Images/MarkRubens

The United States is moving forward with plans to allow fresh beef imports from Paraguay despite objections from the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. On Thursday, USDA and the Plant Health Inspection Service announced they were publishing a final rule allowing imports to begin. The rule will go into effect next month, 30 days after being published in the Federal Register.

Since the rule was initially proposed in March, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association has raised concerns regarding Paraguay’s history with foot-and-mouth disease. NCBA Executive Director of Government Affairs Kent Bacus says USDA’s decision to allow beef imports from Paraguay is based on a deeply flawed risk assessment, including site visits that were conducted more than nine years ago. He also questions that nation’s current disease mitigation efforts.

"Paraguay heavily relies on private sector funding for most of its FMD mitigation measures, and USDA did not consider the risk associated with Paraguay’s economic downturn over the last several years,” Bacus says.

According to a USDA release, the Plant Health Inspection Service’s risk analysis concluded fresh beef can be safely imported from Paraguay so long as foot-and-mouth has not been diagnosed in the exporting region over the past 12 months. Meat must originate from a location where foot-and-mouth has not been present during the lifetime of any animals. Animals must also be inspected before and after death.

Bacus contends that safety has taken a back seat to politics. He notes that Paraguay has made gaining access to the U.S. beef market a top priority during recent trade discussion. He believes the rule decision was a pre-determined outcome and used as a barging tool for other American interests.

“The dismissal of legitimate concerns from U.S. cattle producers is unacceptable and USDA should halt this unscientific, unsafe rulemaking,” Bacus says. “While winning friends and allies in South America may be part of the long-term interests of U.S. diplomacy, it should not be done on the backs of U.S. cattle producers or by putting at risk the health and livelihood of the safest and most efficient cattle and beef production system in the world.”

About the Author(s)

Joshua Baethge

Policy editor, Farm Progress

Joshua Baethge covers a wide range of government issues affecting agriculture. Before joining Farm Progress, he spent 10 years as a news and feature reporter in Texas. During that time, he covered multiple state and local government entities, while also writing about real estate, nightlife, culture and whatever else was the news of the day.

Baethge earned his bachelor’s degree at the University of North Texas. In his free time, he enjoys going to concerts, discovering new restaurants, finding excuses to be outside and traveling as much as possible. He is based in the Dallas area where he lives with his wife and two kids.

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